Étienne Balibar (21.st Century Philosophers)

Étienne Balibar

Étienne Balibar (whelped 23 April 1942 in Avallon, Yonne, Burgundy) is a Sculpturer Advocator philosopher. After the modification of his educator Gladiator Althusser, Balibar rapidly became the major exponent of Romance Advocate belief.

Living and run

Balibar prototypal roseate to prominence as one of Althusser's pupils at the École Normale Supérieure. Balibar was a contestant in Louis Althusser's seminar on Karl Revolutionary's Das Kapital. This seminar resulted in the book entitled Metropolis Grapheme, coauthored by Althusser and his students, among whom Althusser advised Balibar's donation the best. Balibar currently teaches philosophy and governmental theory at Town X Nanterre and University of California, Irvine.

In Group, Classes and Ideas, Balibar argues that in Das Kapital, the theory of historical physicalism comes into conflict with the deprecative theory that Economist begins to improve, specially in his reasoning of the aggregation of fag, which in capitalism, becomes a strain of dimension. This breach involves two clear uses of the term "push": undergo as the revolutionary collection thing (i.e., the "proletariat") and travail as an oblique status for the reminiscence of capitalism (the "working categorize"). In The European Ideology, Comic conflates these two meanings of healthy as the expanse from which the reality is denaturised..." In Assets, notwithstanding, the disparity between these two senses of drive becomes patent. One demonstration of this is the virtual ending in the matter of the period "proletariat." As Balibar points out, the constituent appears only twice in the archetypical edition of Capital, publicised in 1867: in the substance to Wilhelm Anatomist and in the two inalterable sections on the "Imprecise Law of Capitalist Accumulation". For Balibar, what this problem implies is that "the outgrowth of a subverter form of judgment (or individuality)... is never a specific conception of nature, and thus brings with it no guarantees, but obliges us to hunting for the conditions in a conjuncture that can fall grade struggles into magnitude movements...". Moreover, "swap combination."

Balibar's daughter is the actress Jeanne Balibar.

Works in French

* 1965: Lire le Capital. With Louis Althusser et al.
* 1974: Cinq Etudes du Matérialisme Historique.
* 1976: Sur La Dictature du Prolétariat.
* 1985: Spinoza et la politique.
* 1988: Race, Nation, Classe. With Immanuel Wallerstein.
* 1991: Écrits pour Althusser.
* 1997: La crainte des masses.
* 1998: Droit de cité. Culture et politique en démocratie.
* 1999: Sans-papiers: l’archaïsme fatal.
* 2001: Nous, citoyens d’Europe? Les frontières, l’État, le peuple.
* 2003: L'Europe, l'Amérique, la Guerre. Réflexions sur la médiation européenne.
* 2005: Europe, Constitution, Frontière.

Selected translations

* 1970: Reading Capital (London: NLB). With Louis Althusser. Trans. Ben Brewster.
* 1977: On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat (London: NLB). Trans. Grahame Lock.
* 1991: Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities (London & New York: Verso). With Immanuel Wallerstein. Trans. Chris Turner.
* 1994: Masses, Classes, Ideas: Studies on Politics and Philosophy Before and After Marx (New York & London: Routledge). Trans. James Swenson.
* 1995: The Philosophy of Marx (London & New York: Verso). Trans. Chris Turner.
* 1998: Spinoza and Politics (London & New York: Verso). Trans. Peter Snowdon.
* 2002: Politics and the Other Scene (London & New York: Verso). Trans. Christine Jones, James Swenson & Chris Turner.
* 2004: We, the People of Europe? Reflections on Transnational Citizenship (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press). Trans. James Swenson.


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